Energy Management of PEMFC and NiMH Battery on 3-wheels Hybrid Electric Vehicle Equipped with CVT

DEDY RAMDHAN HARAHAP, WEI-CHIN CHANG, SUGENG ARIYONO

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ABSTRAK

Penelitian ini mengelola energi dari PEMFC yang diatur untuk mengamati konsumsi energi, kecepatan maksimum, dan kemampuan kendaraan dalam melakukan pendakian. Pemodelan kendaraan listrik dikerjakan menggunakan ADVISOR. Fuel cell yang digunakan 200W sebagai sumber energi utama yang dikombinasikan dengan baterai NiMH sebagai sumber energi cadangannya. Masing-masing baterai NiMH memiliki tegangan sebesar 1,2 V dan 1,9 AH. Kinerja PEMFC dan baterai NiMH diamati dengan memberikan beban sesuai kebutuhan daya pada kendaraan hibrida. Hasil pengujian menunjukkan daya maksimum PEMFC antara 40-60 % daya baterai NiMH sehingga kendaraan dapat tetap bergerak. Energi dipasok oleh baterai ketika daya kendaraan lebih rendah dari 40% sehingga PEMFC dapat berhenti memasok energinya. Ketika daya yang dibutuhkan lebih besar dari daya maksimum PEMFC maka baterai NiMH akan menyeimbangkan pasokan daya ke kendaraan. Mobil hibrida dapat menanjak pada kemiringan 3,5%, konsumsi bahan bakar 40,6 liter/100 km, jarak tempuh sejauh 33,9 m/ 5 det, dan 0,4 km/26,1 det.

Kata kunci: Manajemen Energi , ADVISOR, PEMFC, NiMH, CVT

 

ABSTRACT

In this research, the PEMFC energy management were set to inspect energy usage, maximum speed, and the ability of the vehicle to climb. The modeling of the electric vehicle is carried out using ADVISOR. The fuel cell with 200W as the main energy source in combination with NiMH batteries as energy source support. Every NiMH battery has a 1.2 V and 1.9 AH. The performance of PEMFC and NiMH batteries was observed by providing a load according to the power requirements of the hybrid car. The test results indicate the maximum power of the PEMFC around 40-60% of the NiMH battery power so the vehicle can keep moving. The battery will supply the energy when the vehicle power is lower than 40% so the PEMFC can stop supplying its energy. When the power needed is larger than the PEMFC maximum power then the NiMH battery will balance the power supply to the car. The hybrid car able to climb a 3.5% slopping road, fuel consumption 40.6 liters/ 100 km, the distance as far as 33.9 m/ 5 s and 0.4 km/ 26.1 s.

Keywords: Energy Management, ADVISOR, PEMFC, NiMH, CVT


Kata Kunci


Energy Management; ADVISOR; PEMFC; NiMH; CVT

Teks Lengkap:

PDF (English)

Referensi


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.26760/elkomika.v9i4.902

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